A.K.A. Upper Middle Lightship Station
Location & historical notes: Delaware, near the middle of the Delaware Bay about 21 miles above the entrance off the south end of Cross Ledge Shoal.
The station was also referred to as "Cross Ledge."
1823-1845: "X "
Built: 1823 by Henry Eckford at
Length: 72'; Beam: 20'; Tonnage: 120; wood hull
Station: 1823-1845: Upper Middle Shoal (Cross Ledge) (DE)
Illumination: One oil lamp 45 feet above water Fog Signal: 450 lb. hand operated bell
Notes: Sister to "N". Hull painted straw color. Referred to as "Upper Middle No. 2" (being one of two lightships then in Delaware Bay). There is reason to believe that this vessel may have been rebuilt and enlarged on 2 occasions and later designated LV 19.
YEAR BUILT: 1845
BUILT AT: New York (NY)
BUILDER: Henry Eckford
(Approp. Mar 3, 1823 "for 2 lt-vessels for Delaware Bay")
CONTRACT PRICE: ?
SISTER VESSELS: None
DESIGN: Wood - white oak framed and planked; double ended hull with bowsprit; 2 masts, oval daymarks at both mastheads
LENGTH: 85' (lbp), BEAM: 25', DRAFT: 9', TONNAGE: 150 (enlarged twice)
ILLUMINATING APPARATUS: 1 lamp, 12 cylindrical wicks
FOG SIGNAL: 900 lb bell, hand operated
CONSTRUCTION NOTES - MODIFICATIONS - EQUIPMENT CHANGES & IMPROVEMENTS: LV 19-
Records are not conclusive on
early history of this vessel. It appears that she may have been first
built at 120 tons as lightship "X" in 1823; rebuilt and enlarged to 130
tons in 1845 which was very probably a rebuild of lightship "X"; then
rebuilt in 1854, and again rebuilt and enlarged to 150 tons in 1876 at
Wilmington DE at a cost of $11,000-
1848: Second lamp added with 12 cylindrical wicks-
1868: Lamps converted to reflector type-
Extensive repairs 1860,1863, 1868
STATION ASSIGNMENTS: LV 19
1845-1875: Cross Ledge (Upper
1876-1886: Fourteen Foot Hank (DE)
1886-1894: Ram Island Reef (CT)
1894-1900: Relief (CT) - laid up at New London during entire period
(Prior to 1867 when No. 19 was
assigned, official records identify this vessel
as "Upper Middle", "Upper Middle No. 2", and/or "Cross Ledge")
(Cross Ledge station discontinued Dec 8, 1875)
(Four-teen Foot Bank station established Aug 22, 1876)
HISTORICAL NOTES: LV 19-
1875: Dec 9, Withdrawn from Cross Ledge; station discontinued when Cross Ledge Lighthouse activated-
1875: Oct 29, Mate and 2 crewmembers drowned during passage in liberty boat from Little Creek Landing (DE) to the lightship-
1875: During service in Delaware Bay, nearly every winter moving ice caused
LV 19 to be either driven off or withdrawn from station for several months at a time ã "such absence of light is a great Injury to commerce"-
1876: Aug 22, reassigned and placed on Fourteen Foot Bank (DE)
1886: Dec 1, removed from Fourteen Foot Bank, transferred to 3d District-
1886: Dec "9 stationed on Ram Island Reef (CT)-
1894: Dec 8, "permanently" removed from Ram Island Reef & assigned Relief status-
1895 "Rotten" and "weak and worn in every part"; "unfit for economic 1 repair-
1896, 97: "occupies needed space" and "only in the way" at New London dock
RETIRED FROM LIGHTSHIP DUTY: 1894 AGE: 49?
Turned over to Navy Department Oct 31 1900 for use as target ship
COMMANDING OFFICERS: LV 19
1893-1895: Nicolas Nelson, Mate
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