A PICTORIAL HISTORY

Her Destiny Awaits: Description; unless otherwise noted, photos are courtesy of Jay McCarthy.
A photo of LV 78 "Light Vessel No. 78, 7th June '04."; LV 78 under construction at the New York Shipbuilding Company's yard in Camden, New Jersey on 7 June 1904.

7 June 1904; N.Y. Shipbuilding Company photo; negative no. 919.

A photo of LV 78 No caption/photo number; date/photographer unknown.  LV 78, circa 1910.

U.S. Lighthouse Service photo.

A photo of LV 78 "Relief L.S. #78, 14 July 1936; 38' buoy boat in foreground."; no photo number; photographer unknown.

U.S. Lighthouse Service photo.

A photo of LV 78 "This photo was taken while we were on Ambrose Station in the spring of 1958.  The three crewmen on deck are (to the best of my recollection), L-R: Ray Durbano, Bud Fairfull & Jay McCarthy (standing on something ?) looking at the USCG plane taking the photo."

U.S. Coast Guard photo; Photo No. 3CGD-02125603; photographer unknown.

A photo of LV 78 "Full broadside view of the ship in color."
A photo of LV 78 "The . . .[next] three pics. are of the interiors of the wheel house and aft deck (radio beacon) house.  Both were WOODEN structures, again standard 1904 issue, with NO insulation. . .[This photo shows the] wheel house with view of the beautiful wooden when and wood compass stand (mahogany, I think) . . .observe the radiator running horizontally below the port holes, they didn't put out much heat.  I sued to lean up against the radiator while standing the midnight watch.  The cold winter winds would blow right through the wooden bulkheads.  Whenever I get cold, I think it was never as cold as standing a winter mid watch on the old Relief 78/505."
A photo of LV 78 "Wheel house . . . wheel, radio and log station. . .note the wooden planking on the overhead and aft bulkhead."
A photo of LV 78 "Aft deck house, view of radio room . . . note the WOOD planking on overhead and bulkheads.  This planking went through to the outside, in other words, this planking was both the interior and exterior bulkhead.  No insulation."
A photo of LV 78 "Windlass room . . . below deck, in bow and just forward of the mess deck.  Note, anchor chain on the lower left was for the spare / emergency anchor . . . anchor chain on the right was for the main (5,000 lb. mushroom) anchor."
A photo of LV 78 "These [next] three pics. are views from the forward stick (mast) . . . don't remember when or what station we were on, when I took them.  Back then, I (we) used to climb aloft all the time for various maintenance tasks and we used to hand in a bosun's chair while painting the masts.  There is no way I would climb aloft today.  I own a one-story house and don't even like to climb up on my roof!  [This is the view] of rear lantern from forward stick."
A photo of LV 78 "[From the top of the forward stick, this is the] view of bow from forward stick."

Note the spare mushroom anchor secured to starboard.

A photo of LV 78 "[From the top of the forward stick, this is the view of the] stern."
A photo of LV 78 "Easter Sunday, 1957, Relief 78/505, being assisted by 110' USCG tug through 'Hell Gate' on East River, NYC, returning from relieving Cornfield Point Lightship Station, off Old Saybrook, CT, to USCG Base St. George, Staten Island, NY.  L-R, W.A. Weeks, CHBOSN-W1, OinC, Lee Burbage, BM1, & J.P. Smith, CS2."

"'Hell Gate' is where the Harlem and East Rivers meet, causing waters so turbulent, that the 'Old Relief 78/505' didn't have enough power to get through on her own, thus the USCG tugboat assistance.  These pictures were given to me by Lee Burbage, and were taken a week before I reported aboard the Relief . . . The pictures were taken by Seaman Stanley G. Grober, of Long Island, NY.  Stanley was a photography buff.  While the rest of us at that time used box / point & shoot cameras, Stanley used a 35MM camera with varying setting & used a light meter . . . Stanley left the ship sometime in late '57 or early '58."

A photo of LV 78 "Some of the crew members posed for this picture in the bow.  As the ship continued the trip down the East River, NYC, on their return to Base St. George, SINY. . .Easter Sunday, 1957 . . . Standing, L-R, J.P. Smith & Edmund (Lee) Burbage; Kneeling, L-R, Frank Baglio, J.A. Flores, & Jose Robles."
A photo of LV 78 "The Relief 78/505 while in Brewers Shipyard Dry Dock #5, Staten Island, NY, August, 1957.  If memories serve me correctly (46 years), I recall, that while the hull was being sand blasted, a penetration was made below the engine room.  That damaged plate was replaced.  The Relief 78/505, built in 1904, used the same type steel (processing) that was used on the Titanic.  Steel today is processed much differently, resulting in a much stronger steel.  I have often wondered, if there was more damage to the hull, as a result of the [1960] collision, than the Navy diver, performing the 'Post Collision Damage Survey' was able to see!"
A photo of LV 78 "The Relief 78/505 while in Brewers Shipyard Dry Dock #5, Staten Island, NY, August, 1957.  "
A photo of LV 78 "Christmas Day 1957 activities . . . Fishing, probably like a lot of lightship sailors, I did enough fishing aboard to last me a lifetime.  L-R, Bud Fairfull, Jay McCarthy, & Lee Burbage."
A photo of LV 78 "Christmas Day 1957 activities . . . Hanging our on the mess deck, waiting for Christmas dinner . . . Note the standard 1904 issue wooden louvered compartment door (great for water tight compartments), behind that skinny kid on the right.  L-R, Dalomba, Ray Durbano, & Jay McCarthy.  On a lightship, the OinC was normally a CWO, the XO a BMC, and we had an ENC.  These gentlemen normally ate their meals in the ward room, located in the stern of the ship.  The remainder of the crew ate in the mess deck, located amidships.  On Christmas Day, 1957, only the XO, Louis C. Carter, BMC, was aboard.  For most of the (young) crew aboard that day, it was not only our first Christmas at sea, but also, our first Christmas away from home.  Chief Carter's decision to come forward from the ward room, and share Christmas dinner with the crew on the mess deck, was most appreciated by his young crew."
A photo of LV 78 "Winter on Scotland Station, February '58; Since Scotland Station was closer in to shore, we used to get a lot of 'ice floes' drifting (banging off the sides of the ship at night) past the ship.  Hope you can see the New Jersey coast in the pic, barely visible at the top of the floes."
A photo of LV 78 "Winter, motor whaleboat, weekly transfer to buoy tender, Scotland Station, February '58; Looking at this picture reminded me of winter at sea . . . handling the 'falls' in ice cold weather, going through the process of launching and recovering the small boat, with ice on the lines, ice underfoot, ice cold winds and worth every minute of it for liberty, fresh food and mail.  Ahh, memories.  PS: Skipper was very tolerant, that's a white 'USA Drinking Team' sweatshirt, with hood, that I'm wearing under my foul weather jacket.  Wouldn't get away with that on a bigger ship.  View, bow to stern, Bobby Pierce; G.R. Brower, CHBOSN W-1, OinC, & Jay McCarthy."
A photo of LV 78 "Ward Room, Overfalls Station, March, 1958, L-R Louis C. Carter, BMC, Raymond L. Thrush, ENC.  BMC Carter was a great chief, tough but fair.  He also had a soft side . . . What he did for us young guys (providing a touch of home), away from home and at sea at Christmas for the first time, was really a great gesture.  I think he would be proud to know that his act of kindness to the crew (including us young guys), would be shared with so many others, all these years later."
A photo of LV 78 "Mess Deck Card Game: Overfalls Station, March 1958; Almost every night you would find a card game on the mess deck.  Of course, no money was exchanged, it just helped to pass the time.  Good memories!  L-R, R. T. Boismeno, Ogdensburg, NY; Edward J. Brown, Philadelphia, PA (?); Raymond F. D'urbano, Rochester, NY; Bobby R. Pierce, Franklin, VA; Ralph E. (Buc) Fairfull, Long Island, NY."
A photo of LV 78 "July 1958, Relieving Scotland Lightship LV 87/512, on Scotland Station off Sandy Hook, NJ.  Lowering the small boat, the purpose was for the weekly transfer of compensatory leave crew, mail, supplies and fresh food to / from USCG buoy tender Arbutus (W-203)."
A photo of LV 78 "July 1958, Relieving Scotland Lightship LV 87/512, on Scotland Station off Sandy Hook, NJ . . . Small boat from the Relief LV78/505, alongside the buoy tender Arbutus (W-203).  The following would be normal procedures that would occur when the buoy tender would come up astern of the lightship . . . The lightship crew would throw a heaving line over to the buoy tender, and then pull a line back, which would be used to secure the buoy tender off the stern of the lightship.  The lightship crew would then throw another heaving line over to the buoy tender, and a water hose would be pulled over to the lightship.  This hose would be connected to a fitting for the water tank, and then the buoy tender would pump fresh water to the lightship.  Only after these tasks were accomplished, would the small boat be lowered."
A photo of LV 78 "Winter 1958, Relieving Ambrose lightship WAL-613, on Ambrose Channel Lightship Station, outer New York harbor.  The crew posed for a picture before lowering the small boat behind them and at deck level.  The purpose was for the weekly transfer of compensatory leave crew, mail, supplies, and fresh food to / from USCGC buoy tender Arbutus (W-203).  Note the men with the life jackets on, were the ones manning the small boat on this trip."
A photo of LV 78 "Winter, January 1959, [this photo] gives a partial view of the ship's bell.  I often regretted never taking a full view picture of the bell, with 'USLHS LV 78' engraved on it.  While aboard, we never referred to the ship as LV 78 (USLHS designation), we always used the official U.S. Coast Guard designation, WAL 505."
A photo of LV 78 "Winter, January 1959, [this photo] shows the small boat (motor whale boat).  We had just gone through a very bad storm, followed by snow, around Christmas of '58, and the canvas cover on the boat was torn & shredded during the storm.  Thus, no cover on the boat."
A photo of LV 78 "Winter, January 1959, scenes while on Ambrose Station, [this photo] shows the snow and fairly rough seas we were still experiencing, deck view of aft deck house (radio beacon room)."
A photo of LV 78 "Winter, January 1959, scenes while on Ambrose Station, [this photo] shows the snow and fairly rough seas we were still experiencing, deck view of stern area."
A photo of LV 78 "Relieving Overfalls Lightship WLV 605, on Overfalls Station, off Lewes, Delaware during 1959.  Overfalls was similar to Cornfield Point Lightship Station, as both were serviced by an 83-footer.  Buoy tender came out only when we needed fresh water.  All other tasks (liberty parties, supplies, food, and mail) were handled by the 83-footer.  Overfalls Lightship Station was off Lewes, Delaware, however the 83-fotter took us into Cape May, NJ, Training Center for liberty."

"February 1959, CGC 83464 approaching Relief, on Overfalls Station, Lewes, Delaware."

A photo of LV 78 "Deck view of bow area, Overfalls Station, February, 1959, Jay McCarthy making monkeys fist for heaving line."
A photo of LV 78 "CGC 83464 pulling alongside Relief, L-R, Boismeno, Brown, Carter & Fairfull."
A photo of LV 78 "CGC 83464 pulling away from Relief, with compensatory leave crew aboard."
A photo of LV 78 "Relief viewed from deck of CGC 83464."
A photo of LV 78 "CGC 83464 heading into Cape May, NJ, Relief Lightship in background."

This is the final photograph Jay McCarthy provided us that illustrated his career on board the LV-78 / WAL-505.  He completed his tour on 23 April 1959 and then, having completed his two year active duty tour, returned to his inactive reserve status and was honorably discharged on 23 February 1963, thus fulfilling his eight-year service obligation.  He went on to a 35 year career with the "old" Bell system.

A photo of LV 78 Although Jay McCarthy transferred off LV-78 on 23 April 1959 and so was not on board the lightship when she was rammed and sunk while on station in 1960, he did provide the following photograph of the survivors of that collision and sinking.  He noted:

"On 24 June 1960, at approximately 0411, the freighter SS Green Bay, outbound from New York Harbor in dense fog and zero visibility, collided with the USCG Lightship RELIEF LV-78 / WAL-505 on Ambrose Channel Lightship Station (relieving Ambrose Lightship WLV-613).  Relief 78/505 was rammed amidships on the starboard side, resulting in a jagged hole at least two feet wide, extending from the weather deck & narrowing downward towards the keel.  The foghorn, mast light & radio beacon on the Relief 78/505 were all on & operating properly.  The Relief 78/505 sank on station approximately ten minutes later.  No lives were lost, as all nine crewmen abandoned ship in an inflatable life raft.  The small boat was on the starboard side & could not be used.  Relief 78/505 is currently sitting upright and intact in approximately 100 feet of water, one mile east of the Ambrose Channel Light Tower.

[The] . . . photo of the survivors, taken later that day at USCG Base St. George, Staten Island, NY, the home towns noted, are as of the date of 24 June 1960."

A photo of LV 78 Same photo of above, without the handwritten names.  McCarthy noted:

"Pierce, Huhn and Sullivan were the only ones aboard when I left the ship on 23 April 1959.  Pierce was the one on watch, heard the SS Green Bay approaching in the fog and sounded the General Alarm before the collision. . .The inflatable life raft shown in the photo was located (stored) on the top of the after deck house on the port side.  See the official USCG photo of the ship [above]

To Ambrose Channel Lightship Station History

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Revised: 10/23/06.